The Dwarf gene is designated by a Capital D as the Dominant gene and the Recessive gene is designated by a
lower case d. All rabbits will inherit one dwarf gene (either D or d) from each parent. Possible pairings can
therefore be DD, Dd or dd:

Dd = True Dwarf / dd = Normal / DD = Peanut

Dd = True Dwarf – Those Dwarfs born with a Dd pair of genes are desirable with small ear, cobby body and
a smaller size – – usually 2 1/2 lbs. or less. These are “True Dwarfs”.
dd = Normal – Those Dwarfs born with a dd pair of genes are still a Netherland Dwarf Breed, but are slightly
larger in size – – usually over 3 lbs. These are called “Normals” or “Big Ugly Does” (BUD’s) or “Brood Does” or “Big
Ugly Bucks” (BUB’s).
DD = Peanut – Those Dwarfs born with a DD pair of genes are smaller than the normal and are referred to
as “Peanuts”. The double dwarfing gene is lethal in a kit. Although born alive, the kits will not thrive due to a
comprimised digestive system. The rear end appears withered and the kit is unable to digest food and flourish.
The head has an unusual cone shape to it. Within two to three days, the kit fades away.

Statistically the calculations look like this:
True Dwarf x True Dwarf on average will produce 25% peanuts, 50% true dwarf’s and 25% normals.

Dd x Dd = [25% peanuts, 50% true dwarf’s and 25% normals]

True Dwarf x Normal on average will produce 50% true dwarfs and 50% normals.

Dd x dd = [50% true dwarf’s and 50% normals]

Based on the above statistics, a true dwarf to normal dwarf pairing will never produce peanut offspring. This is
why Normal Does are good for breeding because peanuts can be avoided if a True Dwarf Buck is used. Breeders
typically keep Normal dwarf does while the Normal dwarf bucks (BUB’s) are sold for pets. I most often use True
Dwarfs for breeding as I like to show my does a while before breeding them. If I use a Normal (brood) doe, she
must be balanced and have good dwarf type even though she is bigger in size.


Jikalau kita ingin membiakkan dwarf netherland, kita guna induk yang normal dwarf + dwarf yang terbaik. Dapat kurangkan kematian anak nya.Lagipun, normal ND masih boleh dijual dan badan yang besar, dapat la membiakkan anak yang banyak. Itu saja, sekian.


The Netherland Dwarf is a popular breed of domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) originating in the Netherlands. Smaller than most rabbit breeds, Netherland Dwarf rabbits weigh 500g to 1.6 kg and are usually kept as pets or exhibition animals. They are not typically used as sources of meat or fur because of their small size.(5 in.)

The Netherland Dwarf is a popular breed of domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) originating in the Netherlands. Smaller than most rabbit breeds, Netherland Dwarf rabbits weigh 500g to 1.6 kg and are usually kept as pets or exhibition animals. They are not typically used as sources of meat or fur because of their small size.(5 in.)

Most rabbits sold in pet stores are Netherland Dwarfs, Netherland Dwarf-derived breeds (often referred to simply as dwarf breeds), or Netherland Dwarf crosses. Their popularity as pets stems from their babyish appearance and their smaller cage space requirement compared to larger rabbit breeds. A lot of people also use Netherland Dwarfs for showing.


The Netherland Dwarf breed was first produced in the Netherlands in the early 20th century. Small Polish rabbits were bred with smaller wild rabbits;after several generations the resulting animal was a very small domestic rabbit available in a wide variety of colors and patterns. Netherland Dwarfs were first imported into the United Kingdom in 1948. In the 1960s and 1970s the United States imported its first Netherland Dwarf rabbits. The breed was accepted by the American Rabbit Breeders’ Association in 1969 using a modification of the British standard.

Early dwarfs, even into the 1970s and 1980s, had fearful and sometimes aggressive temperaments. This was a result of breeders selecting wild breeding animals for their size. The first dwarf rabbits behaved more like these wild rabbits than domestic animals and were not good pets. However, through generations of selective breeding, the modern Netherland Dwarf has become a gentle, friendly pet rabbit, though it still retains a more energetic disposition than larger breeds.


Netherland Dwarfs’ heads and eyes are disproportionately large with respect to their bodies, and their ears are tiny and carried high on the head. Additionally, their faces are rounded and shortened. These features, a part of the animals’ dwarfism, cause them to look infantile even into adulthood.

Dwarf crosses frequently retain some of these characteristics, depending on the breed the dwarf is crossed with. However, crosses rarely look as babyish as the purebred dwarfs and are usually somewhat larger.

Purebred Netherland Dwarfs come in a wide variety of colors, including Himalayan, Black, Blue, Chocolate, Lilac, Smoke Pearl, Sable Point, Tortoiseshell, Chestnut, Siamese Sable, Opal, Lynx, Squirrel, Chinchilla, Otter, Tan, Silver Marten, Sable Marten, Smoke Pearl Marten, Orange, Fawn, Steel, Broken, Blue-Eyed White and Ruby Eyed White. Other colors (including mismarks) exist in non-show-quality Netherland Dwarfs and in dwarf mongrel rabbits.

Netherland Dwarfs as pets


Netherland dwarf rabbits have the same basic behavioral traits as other domestic rabbits. They can be litter-trained, but success varies amongst individuals of any breed.

Netherland Dwarfs have a reputation of being skittish, wild, and/or of poor temperament. This is a leftover stereotype from the beginnings of the breed, when temperament wasn’t the best. This has changed through selective breeding, making Dwarfs a docile breed. There are always exceptions, however, and there are testy individuals out there. In general, the Netherland Dwarf is curious and gentle. Those that are handled often learn to seek out human contact and enjoy companionship.

A well-bred Netherland Dwarf makes an excellent pet for both adults and children. They are hardy and, while small, are able to keep up with reasonable play and handling.


Like other domestic rabbits, dwarf rabbits have a sensitive digestive system that is less hardy than their wild rabbit cousins, and leafy vegetables such as lettuce and cabbage can give them health problems, such as diarrhea, if fed in excess. Young rabbits, up until about six months of age, should not be given vegetables for this reason. Adults can be fed safe fruits and veggies in moderation. In addition, sudden changes to a dwarf rabbit’s diet can cause digestive problems, but it generally only lasts a few days and usually causes no real harm/lasting damage.

A very important aspect of rabbit care is proper diet. Many owners unintentionally fail at this point and that often spells disaster for their pet. Netherland Dwarfs have a digestive system even more sensitive than most breeds. The best diet consists of fresh, good quality rabbit pellets fed in limited amounts. It is crucial that the pellets be fresh and stored for no longer than eight weeks, do not use pellets which are moldy or have been contaminated. As pellets age they lose important nutrients and a rabbit’s system will become susceptible to disease. The owner should also be checking the label for the percentages of protein, fiber, and fat. The National Research Council lists minimum rabbit nutrient requirements for a maintenance diet as 14% crude fiber, 2% fat, and 12% protein. It is best to feed a pellet that is higher in fiber (18-20%) and lower in protein (14-15%) and fat (2-3%) to a pet rabbit. Once you find a good brand stick with it, frequent changes in diet can cause digestive problems. If you need to change brands be sure to mix the new feed in with the old and increase the amount of new to old over a weeks time so the rabbit can adjust.

Netherland Dwarfs generally don’t require much feed. A small handful each day is usually enough, but it is important to adjust for each individual to avoid malnourishment/obesity.

Dwarf breeds

Rabbit breeds derived from breeding larger rabbits with the Netherland dwarf are known as dwarf breeds. Most smaller breeds, like the Mini-Rex, the Jersey Wooly, and the Holland lop, are results of such breedings. Generally dwarf breeds are slightly larger than the typical Netherland dwarf, not growing larger than 4 to 5 lb (1.8 to 2.3 kg). Most have shortened faces compared to larger rabbits, and some even preserve the rounded head, large eyes, or small ears of the Netherland dwarf.

Most dwarf breeds are intended to bring a specialized characteristic, such as a specific fur type, into a smaller rabbit. Mini-Rex were created through the breeding of dwarfs with Rex rabbits, a fur breed with a short, plush coat, and retain both the dwarf’s size and the Rex fur. Jersey Woolies are a dwarf version of the Angora rabbit, a wool-producing breed. Lop-eared rabbit breeds, interbred with dwarfs, were used to create Holland Lop. Despite its name, the Mini Lop is not a dwarf breed.


When two “true dwarfs” (both buck and doe) are bred, the genetic pattern which makes them “true dwarfs” (Dwdw) ensures that a percentage of their offspring will inherent the lethal genetic combination DwDw. These offspring, often called “peanuts” by rabbit breeders, are destined to struggle with life for up to three weeks, and then to die. Reasons behind the death are unknown, but it is believed that peanuts have underdeveloped digestive tracts. The condition is 100% fatal, despite claims of some peanuts living to adulthood. Many ethical breeders humanely euthanize peanuts upon finding them soon after birth. Peanuts are easily distinguished from non-peanuts; they have extremely pinched hindquarters, a bulbous head, and their ears are often set further back than normal (sometimes almost onto the neck).

If two true dwarfs are bred, the statistical result will be 25% fatal 25% false, and 50% true. The actual numbers of true/false/peanuts in a real litter varies. “False Dwarfs” tend to have longer bodies, longer/larger ears, longer faces, and are often heavier than the 2.5 pound maximum weight for showing. While false dwarfs do not make good show rabbits, does from a good background are vital to a breeder’s program. They have the same “good genes” as a true dwarf and are capable mothers, often having larger and more successful litters than true dwarfs. False dwarfs are easily judged for quality as the traits are generally the same, only bigger. Ear thickness/shape, fullness of hindquarter, topline, and other traits are the same.

It is common practice amongst Netherland Dwarf breeders to breed a proven show quality true dwarf buck to a quality false dwarf doe. This eliminates the chance of peanuts and yields quality offspring. The chances of false dwarfs is higher, but those offspring generally go toward breeding (some false dwarf bucks have proven themselves valuable to a breeding program) or are sold as pets.


Netherland Dwarf Rabbit – 4 Reasons to Choose One as Your Pet Rabbit

Netherland dwarf rabbit is probably the most popular rabbit breed when choosing a pet rabbit.There are a few reasons why people prefer them among other breeds.But like any others, they need good care to enjoy a healthy,happy lives.

The Netherland dwarf rabbit is the smallest breed of rabbits.Their weight do not exceed 2 to 3 pounds.So of course they can have a smaller cage than the larger breeds.But they need just as much space to run and exercise on a daily basis.So rather than leaving your rabbit in a cage, get a exercise pen or pen him off in a rabbit proof room when you are gone and at night, and let him out when you are home.

Dwarf rabbits comes in 36 different colors.Breeders have been able to mix them so much than almost any color is available in this breed.That give them great popularity in the rabbit show industry.A lot of choices are available to people who want to get a pet rabbit.

Because they are smaller, they need less cleaning and less food than the larger breeds.Their diet should consist essentially in Timothy hay, Timothy hay based pellets,and a small daily portion of fresh green vegetables.Fruits should be given in moderation for their high sugar content.

The Netherland dwarf rabbit has a playful,gentle and inquisitive personality.He may display some territorial and aggressive behavior if not spayed or neutered. It is important for the health of all rabbits to have them fixed by the age of 5 to 6 months old.First for health reasons, your rabbit will live a lot longer if altered and for social and behavior reasons.



  1. Bro ND setahun berat baper yg pure nyer.Sekor jual baper?Area katner?

    • Saya pun masih baru bela ND. Berat around 0.9 – 1 kg.Tapi yang paling bagus 0.9 kg ke bawah…Setakat nie x jual lagi…tapi kalo nak saya ader tempat nak beli…Trendy-pet…

  2. MR. ZR…buleh saya tau kat mana nak dptkan ND nie..u pnya contact no…..u kat area mana ni…

    • Saya tinggal di Bandar Saujana Putra, bersebelahan putra height. setakat ni saya x jual ND. Tapi kalau awak nak cari ND, awak boleh bukak website Saya beli ND pun kat sana jer…

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